FGFR 1-3

This gene encodes a member of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family, with its amino acid sequence being highly conserved between members and among divergent species. FGFR family members differ from one another in their ligand affinities and tissue distribution. A full-length representative protein would consist of an extracellular region, composed of three immunoglobulin-like domains, a single hydrophobic membrane-spanning segment and a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domain. The extracellular portion of the protein interacts with fibroblast growth factors, setting in motion a cascade of downstream signals, ultimately influencing mitogenesis and differentiation. This particular family member binds acidic and basic fibroblast growth hormone and plays a role in bone development and maintenance. Mutations in this gene lead to craniosynostosis and multiple types of skeletal dysplasia. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described.

Reference: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/2261

Assay type: FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization)
What is analyzed: FGFR1 Gene Amplification Status
Platform: ZytoLight SPEC FGFR1/CEN 8 Dual Color Probe on Thermobrite; VP2000 (Pretreatment)
Tissue Type: Adenocarcinoma of lung
Required material: FFPE tissue

Assay type: Deep/Sanger sequencing
What is analyzed: Mutational analysis of various exons
Platform: MiSeq( Illumina), Genetic Analyzer 3500 (ABI)
Kit/antibody: Big Dye Terminator v1.1 Cycle Sequencing Kit (ABI)
Tissue Type: Adenocarcinoma of lung
Required material: FFPE tissue